Controlled Environmental Agriculture: Controlled-environment agriculture (CEA) is any agricultural technology that allows a grower to control a crop’s environment and tailor that environment to the grower’s desired conditions. CEA is used to produce crops at maximum capacity in a controlled environment. CEA also ensures a high level of efficiency while maintaining a friendly relationship with the surrounding environment.
By dictating the environment and growing under ideal conditions, CEA enables a grower to produce high yield plants while keeping costs down. You can look at it as growing under supremely ideal conditions, taking away the doubt and uncertainty of growing outdoors. With controlled environmental agriculture, we take the guess work out of growing.
CEA is usually undertaken in a greenhouse, but also happens in a more indoor setting. Hydroponics, aquaponics and aquaculture are a few more examples of controlled environments that can be manipulated to produce a variety of plants. It also helps reduce non-beneficial insects, plant disease, and other problems like mold that can occur during a growing cycle.
When possible, Controlled Environmental Agriculture provides many benefits over traditional farm growing. CEA allows the grower to have full control over every aspect of growing, which leads to better crop yields, better efficiency, and less money spent overall.